Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Banka
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour

OFFICE, DISTRICT AGRICULTURE OFFICER, BANKA
Agro climatic condition of Banka district

Banka

It comprises of 11 blocks. The total area of this district is 3019.5sq.km. Out of which 74780 ha. area are  irrigated. The climate is comprised of hot summer with hot waves the maximum temperature reaching upto 45°C in April- June and minimum temperature of 15°C  in Dec-Jan and annual rainfall is 1200 MM of which 80% are received during June-September. The soil texture of this district is clay loam to Sandy loam having pH range from 7.12 to 7.8  Mostly the soils of this district are low to medium in nitrogen and high in phosphorous and medium to high in Potash; zinc deficiency is widely spread in the district. Good response of sulphur is usually visible especially in oilseeds crops.

1

Establishment

(Portion of old Bhagalpur District)

 Year 1983                                              

2

Geographical location

Latitude

24°30’N to 25°08’N

Longitude

86°30’E to 87°12’E

3

Geographical Boundary

North

Bhagalpur

South

Deoghar (Jharkhad)

East

Godda (Jharkhand)

West

Munger

4

Total geographical area

3,05,621(ha)

5

Soil type

Clay loam to sandy loam

6

Climate

Average annual rainfall

1170 mm

Temperature range

15° to 45° C

7

Number of blocks/ Talukas

11

8

Number of villages (inhabited)

1618

9

Agro-climatic Region & Zone

III B-South Bihar Alluvial Plain

10

Population

Male

1064307

Female

965032

Total

2029339

Population density/ Sq.km.

672/ Sq.km.

Sex ratio

1000 : 908  

11

Land Utilization

Geographical Area (Km.)                      

305621 ha

Net Sown Area (in ha.)

1,52,371.91 ha

Forest (in ha.)

43,310 ha

Current Fallow Land (in ha.)

3930.52 ha

Land not available for cultivation (in ha.)

41258 ha

Cropping intensity

112 %

12

Size of Holdings

 No.

Percentage (%)

Less than 1 ha.                                    

167570

81

Between 1 ha. and 2 ha

18647

9

Above 2 ha.                                         

19517

10

 

Total

205734

100

13

Irrigation (in ha.)

Net lrrigated Area                                                                             

115698

By canals                                                                                             

90062

By Tube wells                                                                                     

23893

By other Sources                                                                                   

1743

14

Agriculture support facilities

Seed/ Fertiliser/ Pesticide depots                                                 

1

Rural Markets / Mandis                                                                              

1(Barahat)

Rural Godowns                                                                                           

50 Nos

Cold Storages                                                                                              

NIL

15

Major Farming System

 

a)      Rice - Wheat

b)      Rice - Linseed

c)      Rice – Gram / Lentil

d)     Rice – Maize

e)      Sugarcane – Ratooning of sugarcane

f)       Sugarcane + Bitter gourd /Cucumber

g)      Rice – Gram+ Rai

h)      Rice –Wheat+ Rai

i)        Rice –Rai –Moong

j)        Horsegram –

k)      Sorghum+Rice Bean

l)        Sweet Potato

m)    Tomato / Pea

n)      Brinjal- Spinach

o)      Cauliflower

p)      Spongegourd – Potato- Moong